Why Alternatives to Animals
Ethical and Regulatory Concerns
A world-wide growing concern on using animals in research. Complete ban on use of animals for cosmeceutical research. In-vitro studies using human derived 2D & 3D models are being preferred as first line studies.
Many candidate drugs (>80%) fail during phase III clinical trials despite the positive outcomes in preclinical research in animals. Technological Advances including Human derived 3D cell, disease-on-a-dish and microfluidics models are increasingly utilized to reduce the number of animals used in preclinical research.